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Hugo Johan Hamilton

    Hugo Johan Hamilton (1668-1748), Baron Hamilton of Hageby, son of Malcolm Hamilton (1635-99) and Katarina Makler. His ancestors moved to Sweden from Scotland in the 17th century. Hugo Hamilton began his military career at the age of thirteen as a field master (non-commissioned officer) in the Älvsborg Regiment, and later continued his service in the French army. He took part in the siege and capture of the town of Namur in Spanish Netherlands in 1692. After joining the Dutch army in 1693, he participated in the battle of Neerwinden in June of the same year. After that he returned to Sweden and rejoined the Swedish army. In October 1700 he arrived in the port of Pernu (ger. Pernau) in Estonia. At the time of the Battle of Narva (1700) he had risen to the rank of lieutenant colonel. He fought the Battle of Klisow (1702) as a colonel. After Klisow he joined Karl Gustaf Rehnsköld’s forces in the defense of Warsaw. During his stay in Poland Hamilton got seriously sick and temporarily returned to Sweden to undergo medical treatment. He recovered, and on February 13, 1706, he participated in the Battle of Fraustadt, one of the greatest Swedish victories of the Great Northern War. In 1707 his wife, Katharina Falkenberg, and young son arrived in Saxony to meet him. His wife succumbed to a sudden illness and died in Stettin (Szczecin), then a city in northern Germany. Even then Hugo Hamilton did not leave the army. He participated in the Russian campaign of Charles XII as the commander of the Östgöta cavalry regiment. In 1708 he was promoted to major-general of the cavalry. In the Battle of Poltava, on June 27, 1709, he led one of the two columns of the Swedish cavalry. He was taken prisoner and spent over twelve years in captivity. From 1709 until 1715 he was held in Moscow, and then from 1715 until 1721 in Kazan. After the signing of the Treaty of Nystad (1721), Hamilton returned to Sweden (1722). In 1722 he was promoted to commander of his Eastern Gotha Regiment, and lived in Tuna (near Linkoping). In July 1723 he married Anna Fleming, his second wife. After his promotion in 1734 to field marshal, he settled on his estate near Linkoping. He died in 1748, and was buried in the vault of Bjorklinge church (near Uppsala) next to his second wife (1683-1735).

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