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Monument of Reconciliation
 
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   The Monument of Reconciliation was solemnly dedicated to mark the 300th anniversary of the Battle of Poltava. The unveiling and consecration ceremony for the monument took place on June 27, 2009 in the presence of official delegations from Ukraine, Sweden, Finland, and the Russian Federation.
   The Monument of Reconciliation symbolizes the reconciliation of the peoples of Russia, Sweden and Ukraine who fought in the Great Northern War – the largest military conflict of the 18th century. The war lasted 21 years and radically changed the geopolitical conditions in Europe. Moscovy unleashed the war for lands on the Baltic Sea coast as a medieval state and ended it as a great European empire. Sweden lost almost all of its Baltic provinces, which it had been gained in the 17th century, and ceased to be a major power after signing the peace treaty in 1721.
   As for the Hetman state of Ukraine, the Great Northern War eliminated all hopes for its independence. After the defeat of Sweden, the final absorption of the Cossack state into the mighty Russian empire was simply a matter of time. Many Ukrainian Cossacks were killed in battles far beyond Ukraine, and during the construction of fortresses, canals, etc, in Russia. Another tragic page in the history of the Ukrainian Cossacks was the destruction of the Fortress of Baturyn by Russian troops on November 13, 1708, when about 7,000 of its residents and 6,000 Ukrainian Cossacks who defended the fortress were killed. The total losses of the Swedish army in the battle of Poltava numbered about 9,000 men. Russian losses have been estimated at 1,345 killed and 3,200 wounded.
   The Monument of Reconciliation on the battlefield was designed by architect Valery Tregubov, and consists of three joined arches under a common cupola or dome with a bell of unity. Three pillars of the monument are decorated with mosaic flags of the Russian Federation, Sweden, and Ukraine created by artist Leonid Totskiy. Below the flag each pillar bears the inscription “Time heals all wounds” in the appropriate language. At the center of the monument is a short column crowned with the dove of peace created by sculptor Seiran Margaryan.
   The walkway that joins the monument with the reconstructed redoubt was built on the eve of the 300th anniversary of the battle, with many saplings of chestnuts, oaks, maples, birches, and mountain ash trees along its sides.

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