The Monument of Reconciliation was solemnly dedicated
to mark the 300th anniversary of the Battle of Poltava.
The unveiling and consecration ceremony for the monument
took place on June 27, 2009 in the presence of official
delegations from Ukraine, Sweden, Finland,
and the Russian Federation.
The Monument of Reconciliation symbolizes the reconciliation
of the peoples of Russia, Sweden and Ukraine who fought
in the Great Northern War – the largest military conflict of
the 18th century. The war lasted 21 years and radically
changed the geopolitical conditions in Europe. Moscovy
unleashed the war for lands on the Baltic Sea coast as
a medieval state and ended it as a great European
empire. Sweden lost almost all of its Baltic provinces,
which it had been gained in the 17th century, and
ceased to be a major power after signing the peace treaty in 1721.
As for the Hetman state of Ukraine, the Great Northern War
eliminated all hopes for its independence. After the defeat
of Sweden, the final absorption of the Cossack state into
the mighty Russian empire was simply a matter of time.
Many Ukrainian Cossacks were killed in battles far beyond
Ukraine, and during the construction of fortresses,
canals, etc, in Russia. Another tragic page in the history
of the Ukrainian Cossacks was the destruction of the
Fortress of Baturyn by Russian troops on November
13, 1708, when about 7,000 of its residents and 6,000
Ukrainian Cossacks who defended the fortress were killed.
The total losses of the Swedish army in the battle of Poltava
numbered about 9,000 men. Russian losses have been
estimated at 1,345 killed and 3,200 wounded.
The Monument of Reconciliation on the battlefield was designed
by architect Valery Tregubov, and consists of three joined arches
under a common cupola or dome with a bell of unity. Three pillars
of the monument are decorated with mosaic flags of the Russian
Federation, Sweden, and Ukraine created by artist Leonid Totskiy.
Below the flag each pillar bears the inscription “Time heals all
wounds” in the appropriate language. At the center of the monument
is a short column crowned with the dove of peace created by
sculptor Seiran Margaryan.
The walkway that joins the monument with the reconstructed
redoubt was built on the eve of the 300th anniversary of the
battle, with many saplings of chestnuts, oaks, maples, birches,
and mountain ash trees along its sides.